Ricoh Aficio MPC6000 Aficio MPC7500 Ricoh Pro C550EX Ricoh Pro C700EX Service Manual product code D014 D015 D078 D079)


Accurate, clear and concise text, combined with detailed illustrations, lists of error code, instruction and diagrams, guide you through procedure of repair, remediate, maintenance and adjustments your copier, printer or scanner.
Present service manual Ricoh Aficio MPC6000 Aficio MPC7500 Ricoh Pro C550EX Ricoh Pro C700EX (product code D014 D015 D078 D079) contain clear instructions and procedures on how to fix the problems occurring in your equipment.
The information contained in this repair manual is necessary for the repair, but also prevention, resulting in a longer life of your equipment.
Format of the manual: PDF, makes it easy to navigate, instant download and print. English language.
To see what contain, please read table of contents:

NEW FEATURES OF D014/D015
RESPONSES TO REQUESTS FOR IMPROVEMENT
IMPROVED PRODUCTIVITY
Copy Speed
Shorter Warm-up Time
Overall System
IMPROVED RELIABILITY
Longer Service Life of Developer
Better Stability of Image Density
Paper Feed
Paper Output
Elimination of Pawl Marks on Prints
Fusing Lamp Rearrangement in the Heating Roller
Reduction of Pressure on the Hot Roller
Handling Thicker Paper
OPERABILITY
Handling Paper Jams
Easier Use of Paper Tray End Fence
New Arrow Indicator on Side Fence Lever
Image Quality Improvement
ADOPTION OF SINGLE-DIRECTION DEVELOPER/
TONER SUPPLY
ADOPTION OF NEW PXP TONER
Sharpening Text
ELIMINATION OF SHINY PAWL MARKS ON PRINTS
COMPARISON OF CHANGES IN BASIC OPERATION
Comments
SYSTEM CONFIGURATION AND NEW OPTIONS
Configuration 1 (with D373/D374 Finisher)
Configuration 2 (with B830 Finisher)
NEW OPTIONS FOR B132/B200
New Peripheral
Other Peripherals
MFP OPTIONS (LISTED ALPHABETICALLY)
APPEARANCE OF ACTUAL CONFIGURATIONS
Configuration Sample for General Office Customers
CONFIGURATION SAMPLE FOR LIGHT PRODUCTION
CUSTOMERS
More Details About Design Changes
PCU (PHOTOCONDUCTOR UNIT)
Developer Filling, Replacement
PCU Design
Different Designs of YCM PCU and K PCU
POTENTIAL SENSORS
Potential Sensor Postion
DEVELOPMENT UNIT
Cross-Section of Development Unit
External View of Development Unit
Toner/Developer Flow Inside the Development Unit
TONER SUPPLY
Toner Supply Components
New STC (Soft Toner Cartridge)
TRANSFER UNIT (IMAGE TRANSFER AND PAPER
TRANSFER UNITS)
ITB UNIT
New PTR Lift Mechanism
PTR Lift Mechanism
Increased Durability of Paper Transfer Roller
FUSING UNIT
GENERAL LAYOUT OF FUSING UNIT
New Pressure Roller Lift Mechanism
MOTORS
FRONT, REAR VIEW OF DRUM CLEANING,
DEVELOPMENT, DRUM MOTORS
CHANGES TO IMPROVE TORQUE TRANSMISSION
EFFICIENCY
Drum Motor Shaft
FB Control
ITB Drive, PTR, Fusing/Exit Motors
K/YMC Lift, Used Toner Motors
CONTROLLER BOARD
SMALL CHANGES
NOTES ABOUT SERVICING
DETAILED SUMMARY OF CHANGES
External Appearance, Operation Panel
Controller Box
Main Frame Configuration, Ventilation
Engine Drive Mechanisms
Exposure
Laser Writing
Paper Feed
Development, Toner Supply
Drum Charge, Cleaning
Image Transfer
Paper Transfer
Fusing
Process Control
OPC Drums
Toner

INSTALLATION
1. INSTALLATION
1.1 INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS
1.1.1 OPERATING ENVIRONMENT
1.1.2 MACHINE LEVEL
1.1.3 MINIMUM SPACE REQUIREMENTS
1.1.4 DIMENSIONS
1.1.5 POWER REQUIREMENTS
1.2 COPIER AND PERIPHERALS
1.2.1 SYSTEM CONFIGURATION 1
1.2.2 SYSTEM CONFIGURATION 2
1.2.3 MFP OPTIONS (LISTED ALPHABETICALLY)
1.3 COPIER D014/D015
1.3.1 ACCESSORIES
1.3.2 INSTALLATION
External Tapes and Packing Material
Internal Tapes and Packing Material
Shipping Retainer Removal
Reattach the Faceplate
Remove Remaining Retainers and Packing Material
Filling the PCU Units with Developer
Reinstall the Toner Hopper
STC (Soft Toner Cartridge) Installation
Initializing Developer and Toner
Load the Paper Trays
Make a Test Color Print
ACC (Automatic Color Calibration) Adjustment
Do the Color Registration Procedure for MUSIC
Counter Display Setting
Make the Machine Level
Attach the PCU Stand Rack and Store the PCU Stand
Attach Decals
Enable USB
Print an SMC Report
Connect the Upper and Lower Tray Heaters
1.4 COPY TRAY (B756)
1.4.1 ACCESSORIES
1.4.2 INSTALLATION
1.5 A3/11″ X 17″ PAPER SIZE TRAY (B331)
1.5.1 ACCESSORIES
1.5.2 INSTALLATION
1.6 COUNTERS
1.6.1 ACCESSORIES
Key Card Bracket B498
Key Counter Bracket B452 Accessories
SM v D014/D015/D078/D079
Optional Counter Interface Unit Type A B879 Accessories
1.6.2 INSTALLATION
Assemble the Key Counter Bracket
Install the Key Card Bracket and Assembled Key Counter
1.7 LCT (B473), LCT ADAPTER (B699)
1.7.1 ACCESSORIES
LCT (B473)
LCT Adapter (B699)
1.7.2 INSTALLATION
Removing Tape and Accessories
LCT Adapter (B699) Installation
LCT Installation
Adjusting Side Fences for Paper Size
1.8 LG UNIT FOR A4/LT LCT (B474)
1.8.1 ACCESSORIES
1.8.2 INSTALLATION
LCT Connected to the Machine
1.9 LCIT RT4000 (D350)
1.9.1 ACCESSORIES
1.9.2 LCT INSTALLATION
Grounding and Preparing the LCT for Docking
After Installation
1.9.3 ANTI-CONDENSATION HEATER TYPE B: 120V
Accessory Check
Installation Procedure for 120V
1.9.4 ANTI-CONDENSATION HEATER TYPE B: 240V
Accessory Check
Installation Procedure for 240V
1.10 2000/3000 SHEET FINISHERS (D373/D374)
1.10.1 ACCESSORIES
1.10.2 INSTALLATION
Removing Tapes and Packing Materials
Docking the Finisher to the Copier
Attaching the Trays
Leveling the Finisher
Support Trays
Selecting the Staple Supply Name
Enabling Booklet Binding (D373 Only)
1.11 PUNCH UNIT (B702)
1.11.1 ACCESSORIES
1.11.2 INSTALLATION
1.12 OUTPUT JOGGER UNIT (B703)
1.12.1 ACCESSORIES
1.12.2 INSTALLATION
1.13 MAIL BOX (B762)
1.13.1 ACCESSORIES
1.13.2 INSTALLATION
1.13.3 ACCESSORIES
3000-Sheet Finisher B830 Accessories
Finisher Adapter Kit D375 Accessories
1.13.4 FINISHER ADAPTER KIT D375 INSTALLATION
1.13.5 FINISHER INSTALLATION
Docking the Finisher B830
Connecting the Finisher B830
1.13.6 UPDATING THE FIRMWARE
1.13.7 SP SETTING
1.14 PUNCH UNIT B831
1.14.1 ACCESSORIES
1.14.2 INSTALLATION
1.15 COVER INTERPOSER TRAY (B704)
1.15.1 ACCESSORIES
1.15.2 INSTALLATION
Removing Tapes and Packing Materials
Preparing the Finisher
Attaching the Extensions
Attaching the Interposer Tray
Docking the Finisher/Interposer with the Machine
1.16 COVER INTERPOSER TRAY CI5000 (B835)
1.16.1 ACCESSORIES
1.16.2 INSTALLATION
Setting up the Unit and Docking to the Copier
Docking the Next Peripheral Device
Mounting the Tray Unit
1.16.3 DOCKING THE COVER INTERPOSER TRAY B835
Z-Fold Unit B660 to Cover Interposer Tray B835
Finisher B830 to Cover Interposer Tray B835
Firmware Update
1.17 Z-FOLDING UNIT ZF4000 (B660)
1.17.1 ACCESSORY CHECK
1.17.2 INSTALLATION
Unpacking
Attaching the Brackets
Preparing for Docking
Testing the Breaker
Docking the Z-Folding Unit to the Cover Interposer Tray or Copier1-143
Connecting the Z-Folding Unit B660
1.18 MFP CONTROLLER OPTIONS
1.18.1 OVERVIEW
1.18.2 ENABLING USB
1.18.3 ACCESSORY CARDS
1.18.4 SD CARD APPLICATIONS
1.18.5 HANDLING DIMMS AND SD CARDS
DIMMs
SD cards
1.18.6 MOVING APPLICATIONS TO ONE SD CARD
Overview
Moving Applications
Undo Exec
Storing SD Application Cards on Site
1.18.7 PRINTER/SCANNER D376 AND INTERFACE UNIT
Accessories
Installation
1.18.8 IEEE 1284 INTERFACE BOARD B679 (CENTRONICS)
Accessories
Installation
1.18.9 BLUETOOTH INTERFACE UNIT B826
Accessories
Installation Procedure
1.18.10 IEEE 802.11A/G INTERFACE UNIT D377
Accessories
Installation
SP Mode Settings for 802.11a/g Wireless LAN
1.18.11 FILE FORMAT CONVERTER D377
Accessory Check
Installation
1.18.12 HDD ENCRYPTION UNIT
Before You Begin the Procedure
Seal Check and Removal
Installation Procedure
Recovery from a Device Problem
Restoring the encryption key
Clearing the NVRAM
1.18.13 POSTSCRIPT3 D378
1.18.14 DOS UNIT TYPE H D377
Accessory Check
Before You Begin:
Seal Check and Removal
Installation Procedure
Check Operation of the DOS Application
1.18.15 COPIER CONNECTION KIT B328
1.18.16 GIGABIT ETHERNET D377
Accessories
Installation
1.18.17 BROWSER UNIT TYPE D (D377)
Accessories
Installation
1.18.18 COPY DATA SECURITY UNIT TYPE F (B829)
Accessories
User Tool Setting
1.18.19 VM CARD TYPE E (D377)
Accessories
Installation

PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
2. PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
2.1 OVERVIEW
2.1.1 REQUIRED MATERIALS
2.2 PM COUNTER
2.2.1 DISPLAYING THE PM COUNTER
2.2.2 PM PARTS SCREEN DETAILS
All PM Parts list: Main Menu
Number button submenu
Parts list for PM yield indicator
2.3 PM TABLES
2.3.1 MAIN MACHINE
Main Machine PM Parts
ARDF PM Parts
2.3.2 LCT B473
2.3.3 LCT D350
2.3.4 2000/3000-SHEET FINISHERS D373/D374
2.3.5 PUNCH B702
2.3.6 COVER INTERPOSER TRAY B704
2.3.7 Z-FOLDING UNIT B660
2.3.8 3000-SHEET FINISHER B830
2.3.9 PUNCH B831
2.3.10 COVER INTERPOSER TRAY B835
2.4 LUBRICATION POINTS
2.4.1 COPIER
OPC, ITB Replacement
Fusing Unit
REPLACEMENT AND ADJUSTMENT

3. REPLACEMENT AND ADJUSTMENT
3.1 GENERAL CAUTIONS
3.1.1 DRUM
3.1.2 PCU
3.1.3 TRANSFER BELT UNIT
3.1.4 SCANNER UNIT
3.1.5 LASER UNIT
3.1.6 DEVELOPMENT
3.1.7 CLEANING
3.1.8 FUSING UNIT
3.1.9 PAPER FEED
3.1.10 USED TONER
3.2 COMMON PROCEDURES
3.2.1 ARDF
3.2.2 OPERATION PANEL, TOP COVERS
3.2.3 LEFT COVERS
3.2.4 FRONT DOOR
3.2.5 RIGHT COVERS
3.2.6 REAR COVERS
3.2.7 TONER HOPPER, FACEPLATE, PCU
Removing Hopper, Faceplate, PCU
Reinstalling PCU, Faceplate, Toner Hopper
3.2.8 IMAGE TRANSFER UNIT
3.2.9 DRAWER UNIT
To pull out the drawer unit:
To remove the drawer unit:
3.2.10 DUPLEX UNIT
3.2.11 OPENING, LOCKING THE CONTROLLER BOX COVER
3.2.12 SD CARD STORAGE
3.3 LASER UNIT
3.3.1 CAUTION DECALS
3.3.2 POLYGON MOTOR
3.3.3 LASER UNIT
3.3.4 SP ADJUSTMENTS AFTER LASER UNIT REPLACEMENT
Color Registration Errors
Skew
3.3.5 LASER SYNCHRONIZATION DETECTOR
3.4 PCU
3.4.1 CHARGE UNITS
Preparation
Charge Roller Unit: YMC PCUs
Charge Wire Unit: K PCU
3.4.2 SEPARATING DRUM/CLEANING UNIT, REMOVING THE OPC
DRUM
Reinstallation of the Drum
3.4.3 PCU BLADES AND ROLLERS
Lubricant Bar and Lubricant Blade
Lubricant Brush Roller
Drum Cleaning Blade
After Replacement
3.4.4 DEVELOPER REPLACEMENT
Preparation
Removing the old developer
Adding New Developer
Handling Problems with Developer Filling
3.4.5 NEW PCU OR DEVELOPMENT UNIT
3.4.6 SP CODES AFTER REPLACEMENTS
3.5 PTR UNIT
3.5.1 RELAY SENSOR
3.5.2 DOUBLE-FEED DETECTION PHOTOSENSOR, REGISTRATION
SENSOR
3.5.3 PTR UNIT
3.5.4 PAPER TRANSFER ROLLER, DISCHARGE PLATE
3.5.5 LUBRICANT BAR
3.5.6 CLEANING BLADE
3.5.7 CLEANING BRUSH ROLLER
Replacement
3.5.8 PAPER TRANSPORT BELT, PAPER SEPARATION POWER
PACK
D014/D015/D078/D079 xii SM
3.5.9 REGISTRATION MOTOR
3.5.10 DOUBLE-FEED DETECTION LED
3.6 IMAGE TRANSFER UNIT
3.6.1 EMPTYING THE DUST COLLECTION UNIT
3.6.2 SEPARATING THE BELT UNIT AND BELT CLEANING UNIT .3-76
Disassembly and ITB Replacement
3.6.3 REASSEMBLING THE BELT UNIT AND BELT CLEANING UNIT3-78
Before You Begin
Reassembling the Belt Unit and Cleaning Unit
Dusting the ITB with Lubricant Powder
3.6.4 ITB CLEANING UNIT
Lubricant Blade
Lubricant Brush Roller, Lubricant Bar
ITB Cleaning Blade
ITB Brush Cleaning Roller
3.6.5 MUSIC AND ID SENSORS
3.6.6 IMAGE TRANSFER POWER PACK
3.6.7 BELT POSITION SENSOR
3.7 FUSING UNIT
3.7.1 REMOVING THE FUSING UNIT
3.7.2 FUSING CLEANING UNIT
Fusing Belt Strippers
Oil Supply Roller Cleaning Roller, Oil Supply Roller
3.7.3 FUSING LAMPS, DIVIDING THE FUSING UNIT
3.7.4 FUSING UNIT ROLLERS, FUSING BELT
Removing the Fusing Belt, Hot Roller, Heating Roller, Pressure
Roller
Lubrication after Replacement
Adjusting the Gap Between Fusing Belt Strippers and Fusing Belt3-102
3.7.5 IMPORTANT WARNING ABOUT THERMOSTATS
3.8 BOARDS
3.8.1 PCB LAYOUT
3.8.2 CONTROLLER
When installing the new controller board
After installing the controller board
3.8.3 IPU/VBCU
IPU/VBCU Removal
VBCU Replacement
3.8.4 HDD
Before replacing the HDD unit
Replacement Procedure
After installing the new HDD unit
3.8.5 PFB
3.8.6 HVPS
3.8.7 CHARGE ROLLER POWER PACK
3.8.8 POTENTIAL SENSOR POWER PACK
3.8.9 DRB
3.8.10 DTMB
3.8.11 PSU
3.8.12 AC DRIVE BOARD
3.8.13 MEMORY
3.8.14 NVRAM
Before You Begin:
Upload NVRAM Data to SD Card
Replace NVRAM
Download NVRAM Data from SD Card
3.9 MOTORS
3.9.1 DRUM CLEANING MOTORS
3.9.2 DEVELOPMENT MOTORS
3.9.3 DRUM MOTOR
Drum Motor Removal
Drum Motor Reinstallation
3.9.4 FUSING/EXIT MOTOR
3.9.5 PTR MOTOR
3.9.6 ITB DRIVE MOTOR
3.10 AIR FILTERS AND OZONE FILTERS
3.10.1 UPPER FILTER BOX
3.10.2 MIDDLE FILTER BOX
3.10.3 LOWER FILTER BOX
3.11 FIRMWARE UPDATE
3.11.1 BEFORE YOU BEGIN:
3.11.2 FIRMWARE UPDATE PROCEDURE

TROUBLESHOOTING
4. TROUBLESHOOTING
4.1 SERVICE CALL CONDITIONS
4.1.1 SERVICE CALL TABLE
4.1.2 SC CODE DESCRIPTIONS
4.2 SERVICE CALL TABLES
4.2.1 SC CODES GROUP 1: SCANNING
4.2.2 SC CODES GROUP 2: EXPOSURE
4.2.3 SC CODES GROUP 3: IMAGE DEVELOPMENT – 1
4.2.4 SC CODES GROUP 4: IMAGE DEVELOPMENT – 2
4.2.5 SC CODES GROUP 5: PAPER FEED
4.2.6 SC CODES GROUP 6: DEVICE COMMUNICATION
4.2.7 SC CODES GROUP 7: PERIPHERALS
4.2.8 SC800:OVERALL SYSTEM
4.2.10 SC900: MISCELLANEOUS
4.2.11 ADDITIONAL SC CODES PRINTED IN SMC REPORTS
SERVICE TABLES

5. SERVICE TABLES
5.1 SERVICE PROGRAM MODE
5.2 GROUP 1000
5.3 GROUP 2000
5.4 GROUP 3000
5.5 GROUP 4000
5.6 GROUP 5000
5.7 GROUP 6000
5.8 GROUP 7000
5.9 GROUP 8000
5.10 PRINTER SERVICE MODE
5.10.1 SP1-XXX (SERVCIE MODE)
5.11 COPIER INPUT/OUTPUT CHECK
5.11.1 COPIER INPUT CHECK: SP5803
5.11.2 COPIER OUTPUT CHECK SP5804

DETAILED DESCRIPTIONS
6. DETAILED DESCRIPTIONS
6.1 GENERAL OVERVIEW
6.1.1 MAIN MACHINE
6.2 LASER UNIT
6.2.1 DUAL BEAM WRITING
6.2.2 LD SAFETY SWITCHES
6.3 BOARDS
6.3.1 OVERVIEW OF IMPORTANT COMPONENTS
6.3.2 IPU
SBU (Sensor Board Unit)
IPU (Image Processing Unit)
6.4 COPY PROCESS OVERVIEW
6.4.1 RAISING AND LOWERING OF THE ITB UNIT
6.4.2 THE COPY PROCESS
6.5 SCANNER UNIT
6.5.1 OVERVIEW
6.5.2 ORIGINAL SIZE DETECTION
6.5.3 SCANNER UNIT FAN AND ANTI-CONDENSATION HEATER
6.6 PHOTOCONDUCTOR UNITS (PCU)
6.6.1 OVERVIEW
6.6.2 AROUND THE DRUM
6.6.3 DRUM DRIVE
6.6.4 DRUM CHARGE
YCM PCUs
K PCU
6.6.5 DRUM CLEANING AND LUBRICATION
6.6.6 PCU VENTILATION
Ozone Ventilation
6.6.7 DEVELOPMENT UNIT
Overview
Development Unit Operation
Development, PCU Unit Drive
6.7 USED TONER COLLECTION
D014/D015/D078/D079 xvi SM
6.7.1 USED TONER PATH
6.7.2 EXCESS TONER COLLECTION COILS
6.8 PROCESS CONTROL
6.8.1 OVERVIEW OF PROCESS CONTROL
6.8.2 COMPONENTS USED DURING PROCESS CONTROL
Potential Sensor
ID Sensor
TD Sensor
Temperature/Humidity Sensors
6.8.3 LIST OF PROCESS CONTROL ACRONYMS
6.8.4 IMPORTANT SP CODES RELATED TO PROCESS CONTROL
6.8.5 POTENTIAL CONTROL
When is Potential Control Done?
What is Done During Potential Control?
6.8.6 MUSIC (MIRROR UNIT FOR SKEW AND INTERVAL
CORRECTION)
The Optical Path
What does MUSIC do?
When is MUSIC done?
Location of the MUSIC Sensors
How is MUSIC Done?
3rd Mirror Position Adjustment
Exposure Unit Temperature Sensors
6.8.7 TONER SUPPLY CONTROL
Overview
Toner Supply Operation Flow
6.9 IMAGE TRANSFER
6.9.1 IMAGE TRANSFER OVERVIEW
6.9.2 ITB DRIVE
6.9.3 ITB LIFT
6.9.4 TRANSFER POWER PACK
6.9.5 ITB CLEANING
6.9.6 ITB SPEED CONTROL
6.9.7 ITB VENTILATION
6.9.8 PAPER TRANSFER
Paper Transfer Unit Overview
Image Transfer and Separation
PTR Cleaning
PTR Lift
6.10 FUSING UNIT
6.10.1 OVERVIEW
Fusing Unit Components
Fusing Unit Specifications
Fusing Lamp Ratings
6.10.2 THERMISTORS, THERMOSTATS
6.10.3 FUSING UNIT DRIVE
6.10.4 STRIPPERS
6.10.5 FUSING BELT LUBRICATION AND CLEANING
6.10.6 FUSING TEMPERATURE CONTROL
Basic Temperature Control
Temperature Adjustments
6.10.7 FUSING UNIT VENTILATION
6.10.8 PRESSURE ROLLER LIFT MECHANISM

SPECIFICATIONS
7. SPECIFICATIONS
7.1 SPECIFICATIONS
7.1.1 MAIN FRAME D014/D015
Copying
Printing
Scanning
Original Feed: ARDF B652
7.1.2 OPTIONAL PERIPHERALS
LCT B473
LCT 4000 D350
8″ x 14″ Paper Size Tray B474
9-Bin Mailbox B762
Cover Interposer Tray B704
Cover Interposer Tray B835
3000-Sheet Finisher B830
Punch Unit B831

2000-Sheet Finisher D373
3000-Sheet Finisher D374
Punch Unit B702
Z-Folding Unit ZF4000 B660
A3/11″ x 17″ Tray B331
Copy Tray B476
7.1.3 MACHINE CONFIGURATION
Configuration 1 (with D373/D374 Finisher)
Configuration 2 (with B830 Finisher)
7.1.4 ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Copier
ARDF

B331 TRAY TYPE 850
SEE SECTION B331 FOR DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS

B660 Z FOLDING UNIT ZF4000
SEE SECTION B660 FOR DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS

B704 COVER INTERPOSER TYPE 3260
SEE SECTION B704 FOR DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS

B473/B474/B475 RT43 LCT
SEE SECTION B743/B474/B475 FOR DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS

B762 MAILBOX CS391
SEE SECTION B762 FOR DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS

B804/B805/D373/D374
SR3020/SR3030/SR4010/SR4020 FINISHER
SEE SECTION B804/B805/D373/D374 FOR DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS

B830 SR5000 FINISHER
SEE SECTION B830 FOR DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS

B835 COVER INTERPOSER TRAY CI5000
SEE SECTION B835 FOR DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS

D350 RT4000 A3/12 x 18 LCT
SEE SECTION D350 FOR DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS

D356 FAX OPTION TYPE C7500
SEE SECTION D356 FOR DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS

Number of pages: 1640.